Federal money make up some 90 per cent out of college student obligations

Cody Christensen

Preston Cooper

While student loan default is a topic well covered by academic literature and the media, most of that analysis has focused on what forecasts default with an eye toward preventing it. However, very little research looks at what happens to student borrowers after they default on federal student loans. Often, default is portrayed as a terminal status that is financially catastrophic for borrowers and entails large losses for taxpayers. 1

A lack of borrower-height analysis towards mortgage results made challenging to check on if this characterization was appropriate-or even learn also facts on which happens to funds once standard. Publicly readily available research associated with financing defaults was limited by aggregate statistics determined of the Agencies regarding Training (ED) as well as the New york Federal Set aside, together with around three-season cohort standard costs on school and you will university height. For example research are of help to assess rates of standard while the services away from individuals just who standard, such as for instance school type of and you can financing balance.

However the offered data don’t give a picture of exactly how a great borrower’s standard standing evolves over the years. Instance, you will find absolutely nothing real information about how a lot of time funds stay-in default, how the balances transform during and after default, and exactly how government procedures to get or beat defaulted funds connect with borrowers’ costs. Versus this short article, it is hard to choose if or not newest regulations related standard is actually satisfying their meant purposes and you will in which you will find still room to possess improve.

This report aims to expand the window into federal student loan defaults beyond the event of default itself. It attempts to provide the most robust look to date of what happens to student loans once a debtor defaults and just why. Ultimately, this information should help policymakers evaluate the current set of policies related to default collections as well as pose new questions for researchers to explore.

Keep in mind that it research concentrates on authorities formula, including get-off routes, charge, and you can interest about standard, also borrower repayment behavior. It generally does not take a look at most other outcomes individuals sense due to standard.

New declaration is actually split into a couple parts. The first title loans Greeneville TN part assesses a different sort of analysis lay throughout the Federal Cardio having Knowledge Analytics (NCES) that music how government student education loans out of people which began university within the 2003–04 educational 12 months do over the following 13 ages. 2 We respond to questions eg how long borrowers remain in default, exactly what routes individuals use to hop out default, and just how balance into defaulted fund change over big date. The next section spends hypothetical borrower-peak examples so you can imitate the results out-of standard-such appeal, charges, and you can penalties-one accrue on the funds. These instances try advised by the preceding analysis study and are generally centered on extensive research on bodies principles to own get together defaulted fund and you will providing borrowers get-off default.